Van Gogh Gallery
The Kröller-Müller Museum has the second-largest collection of works by Van Gogh in the world. Anton and Helene Kröller-Müller, the founders of the Kröller-Müller Museum, acquired no fewer than 91 paintings and 180 works on paper by the artist (the drawings on the backsides of 18 pages included); their budget was virtually unlimited.
Vincent van Gogh (Zundert, 30 March 1853 – Auvers-sur-Oise, 29 July 1890) is currently regarded as one of the greatest modern masters, during his lifetime, however, Van Gogh received little recognition. He sold very few works and was financially supported by his brother Theo, with whom he maintained a detailed correspondence. Vincent van Gogh was only celebrated among small circles at the start of the 20th century. The amount of attention he received from the Kröller-Müllers has contributed greatly to the recognition that his work currently enjoys.
The Van Gogh Gallery is a gallery of honour for Vincent van Gogh. The gallery exhibits variable arrangements of about forty of his paintings, which tell the story of his life and work.
A highlight of his early Dutch period is The potato eaters, the painting which Van Gogh made of a peasant family in Nuenen in April-May 1885. It is the first large composition in which he depicts a group of figures. Van Gogh is not interested in academic perfection, but in expressiveness. According to him, a true peasant painting ought to ‘smells of bacon, smoke, potato steam’.
After he moves to France, Van Gogh becomes acquainted with artists such as Emile Bernard and Maurice Denis. He develops his own, characteristic style, using lots of colour and a broad brushstroke.
In Arles he painted Terrace of a café at night (Place du Forum), which became a public favourite, probably just by the light of the gas lamps on the terrace. ‘Here you have a nocturnal scene without any black, only beautiful blue and violet and green, and in these surroundings the lighted square acquires a pale sulphur yellow, greenish, citron yellow colour’, writes Van Gogh to his sister Wil. It is the first time that Van Gogh paints a starry sky. With the abundance of warm yellow from the gas lamps, he accentuates the blue of the star-studded sky.
More works by Vincent van Gogh in the museum collection can be found using the online collection search engine.
Tip: download the booklet with more information about the Van Gogh presentation.